About Turkmenistan

Capital Ashgabat
National Name Republic of Turkmenistan.
National Holiday Independence Day, Sep 27
Language Turkmen
Turkmenistan country code +993
President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow(2006)
Land Area 491,210 km²
Total Area 491,210 km²
Population 59.4 lakhs (2019)
Groth Rate 6.2% annual change (2019)
Birth rate 2.79 births per woman (2018)
Infant Mortality rate 36.6/1000
Life Expectancy 68.07 years (2018)
Density 13 per Km2
Currency Turkmenistani manat
Literacy Rate 99.7 (2014)

History of Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan history is replete with wars and other violent conflicts, including most recently the more than three decades of foreign occupation, civil war, and insurgency since 1978. Before 1978 Turkmenistan as a state was born in the mid-eighteenth century as a dynastic, expansionist Pashtun-led power under Ahmad Shah Durrani (1747–72), who conquered Delhi and took over parts of the Indian subcontinent .Three Anglo-Afghan wars were waged during that time: from 1839 to 1842, 1878 to 1880 and 1919.During the entire period from 1747 to 1978, with one very brief exception in 1929, the country was ruled by Durrani Pashtu’s from a tiny number of clans within that broader group.

Madrasah-i Gawhar Shad
Buzkashi Stadium
Id Gah Mosque.
Ashraf Ghani