About South Africa

Capital Cape Town, Pretoria, Bloemfontein
National Name Republiek van Suid-Afrika in Afrikaans
National Holiday Independence Day, 27 April
Language Afrikaans, English, Zulu, Xhosa, Venda, Southern Sotho, Tswana, Northern Sotho, Tsonga, Swati, Ndebele
South Africa country code +27
President Cyril Ramaphosa (2018)
Land Area 1.22 million km²
Total Area 1.22 million km²
Population 5.86 crores (2019)
Groth Rate 0.2% annual change (2019)
Birth rate 2.40 births per woman (2018)
Infant Mortality rate 27.5/1000
Life Expectancy 63.86 years (2018)
Density 49 per Km2
Currency African Rand
Literacy Rate 64.0% (2015)

History of South Africa

South Africa history is replete with wars and other violent conflicts, including most recently the more than three decades of foreign occupation, civil war, and insurgency since 1978. Before 1978 South Africa as a state was born in the mid-eighteenth century as a dynastic, expansionist Pashtun-led power under Ahmad Shah Durrani (1747–72), who conquered Delhi and took over parts of the Indian subcontinent .Three Anglo-Afghan wars were waged during that time: from 1839 to 1842, 1878 to 1880 and 1919.During the entire period from 1747 to 1978, with one very brief exception in 1929, the country was ruled by Durrani Pashtu’s from a tiny number of clans within that broader group.

Madrasah-i Gawhar Shad
Buzkashi Stadium
Id Gah Mosque.
Ashraf Ghani