About Somalia

Capital Mogadishu
National Name Federal Republic of Somalia
National Holiday Independence Day, 1 July
Language Somali, Arabic
Somalia country code +252
President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmaajo (2221)
Land Area 637,657 km²
Total Area 637,657 km²
Population 1.54 crores (2019)
Groth Rate -1.5% annual change (2019)
Birth rate 6.07 births per woman (2018)
Infant Mortality rate 75.9/1000
Life Expectancy 57.07 years (2018)
Density 23.92 inhabitants per square kilometer
Currency Somali shilling
Literacy Rate 40% (2020)

History of Somalia

Somalia history is replete with wars and other violent conflicts, including most recently the more than three decades of foreign occupation, civil war, and insurgency since 1978. Before 1978 Somalia as a state was born in the mid-eighteenth century as a dynastic, expansionist Pashtun-led power under Ahmad Shah Durrani (1747–72), who conquered Delhi and took over parts of the Indian subcontinent .Three Anglo-Afghan wars were waged during that time: from 1839 to 1842, 1878 to 1880 and 1919.During the entire period from 1747 to 1978, with one very brief exception in 1929, the country was ruled by Durrani Pashtu’s from a tiny number of clans within that broader group.

Madrasah-i Gawhar Shad
Buzkashi Stadium
Id Gah Mosque.
Ashraf Ghani