About Saudi Arabia

Capital Riyadh
National Name the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
National Holiday Independence Day, 23 September
Language Arabic
Saudi Arabia country code +966
President Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (2015)
Land Area 2.15 million km²
Total Area 2.15 million km²
Population 3.43 crores (2019)
Groth Rate 0.3% annual change (2019)
Birth rate 2.32 births per woman (2018)
Infant Mortality rate 5.7/1000
Life Expectancy 75.00 years (2018)
Density 16 per Km2
Currency Saudi riyal
Literacy Rate 99.3% (2020)

History of Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia history is replete with wars and other violent conflicts, including most recently the more than three decades of foreign occupation, civil war, and insurgency since 1978. Before 1978 Saudi Arabia as a state was born in the mid-eighteenth century as a dynastic, expansionist Pashtun-led power under Ahmad Shah Durrani (1747–72), who conquered Delhi and took over parts of the Indian subcontinent .Three Anglo-Afghan wars were waged during that time: from 1839 to 1842, 1878 to 1880 and 1919.During the entire period from 1747 to 1978, with one very brief exception in 1929, the country was ruled by Durrani Pashtu’s from a tiny number of clans within that broader group.

Madrasah-i Gawhar Shad
Buzkashi Stadium
Id Gah Mosque.
Ashraf Ghani