About Papua New Guinea

Capital Port Moresby
National Name Stet bilong Papua Niugini (Tok Pisin) Independen Stet bilong Papua Niu Gini (Hiri Motu)
National Holiday Independence Day, September 16
Language ‎Tok Pisin, Papuan languages, Austronesian languages
Papua New Guinea country code +675
President James Marape (2020)
Land Area 462,840 km²
Total Area 462,840 km²
Population 87.8 lakhs (2019)
Groth Rate 5.9% annual change (2019)
Birth rate 3.56 births per woman (2018)
Infant Mortality rate 35.9%/1000
Life Expectancy 64.26 years (2018)
Density 20 per Km2
Currency Papua New Guinean kina
Literacy Rate 61.60% (2000-2021)

History of Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea history is replete with wars and other violent conflicts, including most recently the more than three decades of foreign occupation, civil war, and insurgency since 1978. Before 1978 Papua New Guinea as a state was born in the mid-eighteenth century as a dynastic, expansionist Pashtun-led power under Ahmad Shah Durrani (1747–72), who conquered Delhi and took over parts of the Indian subcontinent .Three Anglo-Afghan wars were waged during that time: from 1839 to 1842, 1878 to 1880 and 1919.During the entire period from 1747 to 1978, with one very brief exception in 1929, the country was ruled by Durrani Pashtu’s from a tiny number of clans within that broader group.

Madrasah-i Gawhar Shad
Buzkashi Stadium
Id Gah Mosque.
Ashraf Ghani