|National Holiday||Independence Day, December 29|
|mongolia country code||+976|
|Land Area||1,566,000 km2|
|Total Area||1,566,000 km²|
|Infant Mortality rate||16.25/1000|
|Density||2 per Km2|
|Literacy Rate||98% (2020)|
mongolia’s history is replete with wars and other violent conflicts, including most recently the more than three decades of foreign occupation, civil war, and insurgency since 1978. Before 1978 mongolia as a state was born in the mid-eighteenth century as a dynastic, expansionist Pashtun-led power under Ahmad Shah Durrani (1747–72), who conquered Delhi and took over parts of the Indian subcontinent .Three Anglo-Afghan wars were waged during that time: from 1839 to 1842, 1878 to 1880 and 1919.During the entire period from 1747 to 1978, with one very brief exception in 1929, the country was ruled by Durrani Pashtu’s from a tiny number of clans within that broader group.