|National Name||Republica de bulgaria|
|National Holiday||New Year's Day|
|Bulgaria country code||+359|
|President||Rumen Radev (2019)|
|Land Area||110,994 km²|
|Total Area||110,994 km²|
|Population||70 lakhs (2019)/td>|
|Infant Mortality rate||5.6/1000|
|Life Expectancy||74.96 years|
|Literacy Rate||98.39% (2020 est)|
Bulgaria is a country in Southeast Europe. It lies on the exact part of the Balkans and is sea girt by Romania to the north, and North Macedonia to the west, Hellenic Republic and Turkey to the south, and therefore the Euxine Sea to the east.
5,000 years past, or the center Palaeolithic, a number of the earliest traces of human action within the lands of the recent Republic of Bulgaria. Remains from humans found their are dated 47,000 years BC.
Bulgaria is a tiny country located in South-eastern Europe, within the east of the Balkans, whereas its land borders with its 5 near countries The foremost notable geographic options of the country are the Danubian Plain, the chain, the Thracian Plain, and therefore the Rila-Rhodope formation. The southern fringe of the Danubian Plain slopes upward into the foothills of the Balkans, whereas the Danube River defines the border with Romania.
Sunni Muslims are the second-largest spiritual community and represent 100 percent of Bulgaria's overall spiritual makeup, though a majority of them aren't observant and notice the utilization of Moslem veils in colleges unacceptable but three-dimensional of the population are connected with different religions and 11.8% are ungodly or don't self-identify with a faith. The Bulgarian Eastern Orthodox Church gained autocephalous standing in AD 927 and has twelve dioceses and over a pair of 1000 clergymen. The Republic of Bulgaria could be a lay state with secured spiritual freedom by the constitution, however, Orthodoxy is selected as a "traditional" faith.
Bulgarian culture mixes the formal culture that helped to create a national consciousness towards the tip of Ottoman rule with millennia-old folks' traditions. A necessary part of Bulgarian traditional knowledge is hearth, which won't banish evil spirits and diseases. Several of those are personified as witches, whereas different creatures like me and sathe me diva (veela) are either benevolent guardians or ambivalent tricksters. Some rituals against evil spirits have survived and area units still experienced, most notably kukeri and survakari. Martenitsa is additionally widely celebrated. Nestinarstvo, a ritual fire-dance of Thracian origin, is enclosed within the list of United Nations agency Intangible Cultural Heritage.