|National Name||Republica de benin|
|National Holiday||New Year's Day|
|Benin country code||+229|
|President||Patrice Talon (2019)|
|Land Area||114,763 km²|
|Total Area||114,763 km²|
|Population||1.18 crores (2019)|
|Infant Mortality rate||59|
|Life Expectancy||61.47 years|
|Currency||West African CFA franc|
|Literacy Rate||42.4% (2020 est)|
The current country of Benin is combined by three areas which had distinctly different political systems and ethnicities prior to French colonial control. Before 1700, there were a few major city-states along the coast (primarily of the Aja ethnic group, but also including Yoruba and Gbe peoples) and a large mass of tribal regions inland (comprising of Bariba, Mahi, Gedevi, and Kabye peoples). The Oyo Empire, located majorly to the east of modern Benin, was the most significant large-scale military force in the region. It conducted raids on a regular and exacted tribute from the coastal kingdoms and the tribal regions.
A Celestial Church of Christ baptism in Cotonou. Five percent of Benin's population belongs to this denomination, an African founded Church. In the 2013 data, 48.5% of the population of Benin were Christian (25.5% Roman Catholic, 6.7% Celestial Church of Christ, 3.4% Methodist, 12.9% other Christian denominations), 27.7% were Muslim, 11.6% practiced Vodun, 2.6%followed other local traditional religions, 2.6% practiced other religions, and 5.8% claimed no religious affiliation. A government survey conducted by the Demographic and Health Surveys Program in 2011-2012 indicated that followers of Christianity had increased to 57.5% of the population (with Catholics making up 33.9%, Methodists 3.0%, Celestials 6.2% and other Christians 14.5%), while Muslims had reduced to 22.8%.
Benin, a thin, north–south strip of land in West Africa, lies between latitudes 6° and 13°N, and longitudes 0° and 4°E. Benin is surrounded by Togo to the west, Burkina Faso and Niger to the north, Nigeria to the east, and the Bight of Benin to the south. The distance from the Niger River in the north to the Atlantic Ocean in the south is estimated to be about 650 km (404 mi). Although the coastline is of 121 km (75 mi), the country measures about 325 km (202 mi) at its widest point. Four terrestrial ecoregions are present within Benin's borders: Eastern Guinean forests, Nigerian lowland forests, Guinean forest-savanna mosaic, and West Sudanian savanna
Beninese literature had a strong verbal tradition long before French became the dominant language. Félix Couchoro had written the first Beninese novel, L'Esclave (The Slave), in 1929.