About Benin

Capital Porto-Novo
National Name Republica de benin
National Holiday New Year's Day
Language French
Benin country code +229
President Patrice Talon (2019)
Land Area 114,763 km²
Total Area 114,763 km²
Population 1.18 crores (2019)
Groth Rate 6.9%
Birth rate 4.84/1000
Infant Mortality rate 59
Life Expectancy 61.47 years
Density 101.85
Currency West African CFA franc
Literacy Rate 42.4% (2020 est)


The current country of Benin is combined by three areas which had distinctly different political systems and ethnicities prior to French colonial control. Before 1700, there were a few major city-states along the coast (primarily of the Aja ethnic group, but also including Yoruba and Gbe peoples) and a large mass of tribal regions inland (comprising of Bariba, Mahi, Gedevi, and Kabye peoples). The Oyo Empire, located majorly to the east of modern Benin, was the most significant large-scale military force in the region. It conducted raids on a regular and exacted tribute from the coastal kingdoms and the tribal regions.


A Celestial Church of Christ baptism in Cotonou. Five percent of Benin's population belongs to this denomination, an African founded Church. In the 2013 data, 48.5% of the population of Benin were Christian (25.5% Roman Catholic, 6.7% Celestial Church of Christ, 3.4% Methodist, 12.9% other Christian denominations), 27.7% were Muslim, 11.6% practiced Vodun, 2.6%followed other local traditional religions, 2.6% practiced other religions, and 5.8% claimed no religious affiliation. A government survey conducted by the Demographic and Health Surveys Program in 2011-2012 indicated that followers of Christianity had increased to 57.5% of the population (with Catholics making up 33.9%, Methodists 3.0%, Celestials 6.2% and other Christians 14.5%), while Muslims had reduced to 22.8%.


Benin, a thin, north–south strip of land in West Africa, lies between latitudes 6° and 13°N, and longitudes 0° and 4°E. Benin is surrounded by Togo to the west, Burkina Faso and Niger to the north, Nigeria to the east, and the Bight of Benin to the south. The distance from the Niger River in the north to the Atlantic Ocean in the south is estimated to be about 650 km (404 mi). Although the coastline is of 121 km (75 mi), the country measures about 325 km (202 mi) at its widest point. Four terrestrial ecoregions are present within Benin's borders: Eastern Guinean forests, Nigerian lowland forests, Guinean forest-savanna mosaic, and West Sudanian savanna


Beninese literature had a strong verbal tradition long before French became the dominant language. Félix Couchoro had written the first Beninese novel, L'Esclave (The Slave), in 1929.

Madrasah-i Gawhar Shad
Buzkashi Stadium
Id Gah Mosque.
Ashraf Ghani