|National Name||the Kingdom of Bahrain|
|National Holiday||New Year's Day|
|Bahrain country code||+973|
|President||Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa (2019)|
|Land Area||765.3 km²|
|Total Area||765.3 km²|
|Population||16.4 lakhs (2019)|
|Infant Mortality rate||6.1/1000|
|Life Expectancy||77.16 years (2018)|
|Density||2239 per Km2|
|Literacy Rate||97.5 % (2020 est)|
Bahrain officially known as the Kingdom of Bahrain is an island in the Persian Gulf. It is made up of 50 natural islands and 33 artificial islands. Covering an area of 760 square kilometers, it has a population of 1,501,635 people. The capital of Bahrain Manama.
Bahrain was first occupied by Dilmun. They were later replaced by Assyrians and Babylonians. Bahrain was a part of the Achaemenid Empire from the 6th to 3rd century BC. In 250 BC, Parthians bought the Persian Gulf under their control. Bahrain was earlier referred to as Tylos ( center of pearl trading) by a Greek admiral Nearchus when he visited Bahrain.
The official religion of Bahrain is Islam and most of the population is Muslim. Most Muslims are Shiites. However certain royal families and elites are Sunni Muslims. The majority of citizens speak Arabic, though English is also widely spoken. The Bahrani Arabic differs widely from the standard Arabic. Arabic has also strongly influenced the political life of people as well. A citizen must be Arabic to stand for the parliamentary elections. Balochi is also spoken in Bahrain.
Islam being the main religion, the Bahrainis respect the practice of other faiths also. Rules related to female attire are not strict compared to the regional neighbors. Hijab or the Abaya is the traditional attire of a woman. Thobe along with traditional headdresses such as the keffiyeh, ghutra is the traditional attire for a man. Western clothing is also common in certain parts of the country.
One must not miss seeing these beautiful places in Bahrain. Manama, If you desire to see plenty of shopping malls and luxury resorts, this is a good place. Riffa, this town is full of ancient sights such as the great Riffa Fort which has antique courtrooms. Juffair, there are billionaire’s yachts and private jetties and some of the best beaches here. Amwaj island, if one wants to know how rapidly the city is developing, they can visit this place as there new towers and as well as top-class eateries popping up every year.