About Australia

Capital Canberra
National Name the Commonwealth of Australia
National Holiday New Year's Day
Language English
Australia country code +61
President Scott Ryan (2021)
Land Area 7,692,024 km²
Total Area 2,969,907 sq mi
Population 25.79 million (2020 est)
Groth Rate 6.1%
Birth rate 12.403/1000
Infant Mortality rate 2.882/1000
Life Expectancy 83.64 years
Density 3.33 people per square km
Currency Australian Dollar
Literacy Rate 19.13% (2020 est)

HISTORY OF AUSTRALIA INTRODUCTION

Australia is a sovereign country consisting of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and several other small islands. Being the 6th largest country, it has an population of 26 million and covers an area of 7,617,930 square meters. Canberra is the capital of this country.

PRE-HISTORIC FINDINGS:

Archaeological findings reveal that human habitation would have started at least 65,000 years ago. The oldest site showing human traces is the Madjed bebe rock shelter in Arnhem Land and people migrated to those regions through land and sea. Aboriginal Australian culture is the oldest culture known to have existed on earth.

RELIGION AND LANGUAGE:

Australia has no official religion. 50% of the population are Christians. However Catholics, Anglicans, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Judaism are the other religions present in Australia. Nearly 8 percent of the population do not follow any religion. Australia has no official language. The Australian English, with a distinctive accent and lexicon is most widely spoken across the country. Mandarin, Arabic, Cantonese, Vietnamese, Italian are the other languages spoken across the nation .Over 250 Australian languages is thought to have existed at the time of European visit.

PLACES OF INTEREST:

Australia also known as the “Land of Kangaroos” is known for its beaches, national parks and tourist spots. One must not miss certain place while one is in Australia. Great Ocean Road, known for its spectacular formations. Kakadu National Park , one can witness the rich wilderness. A day trip to the Blue Mountains National Park would be a calm and a peaceful experience. Fraser Island, Harbor Bridge, which is considered as an Engineering Marvel, The Sydney Opera house which is a great Architectural Masterpiece are places for tourism. Skiing at the snowy mountains and Sky diving in Melbourne can be a breathtaking experience.

THE AUSTRALIAN CUISINE:

The Australian diet is a simple hunter-gatherer diet of native flora and fauna. During the British visit, they introduced the Sunday Roast which is still been eaten by the Australians to date. The European migrants introduced the coffee culture and due to the Asian influence, the Australian’s got used to Vegemite, Pavlova, lamingtons, and meat pies which is still considered an Iconic Australian food

Madrasah-i Gawhar Shad
Buzkashi Stadium
Id Gah Mosque.
Ashraf Ghani